How to make sudo display funny error messages in Ubuntu Linux

sudo is probably the most used command in Ubuntu.

In this post, I will show you how to make ‘sudo’ display funny and humorous error messages in Ubuntu Linux.

To do that, you would only need to edit the /etc/sudoers :

sudo nano /etc/sudoers

Then find the line that starts with Defaults env_reset, add insults at the end of the line so it would look like this:

# See the man page for details on how to write a sudoers file
Defaults env_reset, insults

Save the file, and you are done! You can test the results by running the sudo command and entering the wrong password.

Screenshot Demo

sudo insults

Restricting normal user account access on Ubuntu Server

Here’s a tip to restrict normal user account access so that common users may not be able to explore other directories beyond his/her own /home directory.

  • First you need to chmod all /home dir to 0700
  • Then, you need to set the default umask to 077, to do that, you ned to edit /etc/profile, and replace “umask 022” with “umask 077“.
  • Optionally, you can also update PAM configuration in /etc/pamd.d/common-session so that the line reads “ umask=077 usergroups

The tips has been adapted from –